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The capacity of the human microbiome to modulate inflammation in the context of cancer is becoming increasingly clear. Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are chronic hematologic malignancies in which inflammation plays a key role in disease initiation, progression, and symptomatology. To better understand the composition of the gut microbiome in patients with MPN, triplicate fecal samples were collected from 25 MPN patients and 25 non-MPN controls. Although most of the variance between the microbial community compositions could be attributed to the individual (permutational analysis of variance [PERMANOVA], R2 = 0.92, P = 0.001), 1.7% of the variance could be attributed to disease status (MPN versus non-MPN). When a more detailed analysis was performed, significantly fewer reads mapping to a species of Phascolarctobacterium, a microbe previously associated with reduced inflammation, were found in MPNs. Further, our data revealed an association between Parabacteroides and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), an inflammatory cytokine elevated in MPNs. Taken together, our results indicate a significant difference in the microbiome of MPN patients compared to non-MPN controls, and we identify specific species which may have a role in the chronic inflammation central to this disease.
Andrew Oliver,Kenza El Alaoui
Angela G Fleischman
Andrew Oliver,Kenza El Alaoui,Carolyn Haunschild,Julio Avelar-Barragan,Laura F Mendez Luque,Katrine Whiteson,Angela G Fleischman