• 从2022年4月开始,为防治肥胖,英国所有大型餐厅和咖啡馆必须在菜单上标注卡路里,此做法值得肯定,但我们需要思考三个关键问题;
  • 首先,一旦消费者习惯了看到这些数字,这种减少卡路里的选择会长期保持下去吗?
  • 其次,关注卡路里促使一些餐厅主动减盐减油,但除了关注卡路里是否还要关注其他营养素?
  • 最后,这种标签对最需要的人群有效度如何?卡路里标签对经济较好人群选购食物的指引至少短期内是有用的,但对贫苦群体可能效用很差。
肥胖的危害被越来越多的研究揭示,包括感染新冠的肥胖者与更糟糕的健康结局有关。从2022年4月开始,作为英国政府防治肥胖新战略的一部分,英国所有大型餐厅和咖啡馆都必须在菜单上标注卡路里含量,如果不遵守,将被处以2500英镑的罚款。美国在此之前的类似做法短期内可以影响消费者的食物选择,效果虽小但是积极的(长期效果还需观察和进一步研究)。近期发表于Nature Reviews Endocrinology的一篇评论文就英国政府要求在菜单标注卡路里的政策做出了评论,提出了三个需要思考的问题。

Is calorie labelling on menus the solution to obesity?



06-09, Other

Abstract & Authors:展开

In July 2020, as parts of the world began emerging, blinking into the light, from nearly 4 months of lockdown as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government in the UK published a new obesity policy paper1. This was not the first obesity strategy to have been let loose on the UK public, and it most certainly will not be the last. It was, however, probably the first to be inspired by a Prime Minister who ended up in intensive care because of an infection in the middle of a global pandemic. This brush with mortality appeared to be a ‘road to Damascus’ moment for Boris Johnson, who blamed his elevated body weight for the severity of his illness. Even at that early stage of the pandemic, it was clear that being infected with COVID-19 while living with obesity was linked with far worse health outcomes. There was therefore an urgency for the UK government to try and get a considerable number of people to lose weight, in order to mitigate the health impacts of the pandemic.

First Authors:
Giles S H Yeo

Correspondence Authors:
Giles S H Yeo

All Authors:
Giles S H Yeo