家禽肉对健康的影响(综述)
创作:阿当 审核:aluba 2022年11月20日
  • 纳入525篇文献,关注的健康指标包括癌症、心血管疾病、2型糖尿病的发病率及死亡率等;
  • 仅有少数研究支持摄入家禽肉有益健康(主要是儿童健康),大多数研究仅间接对比了家禽肉与其它食物(红肉、植物蛋白等);
  • 无随机对照试验、且仅有1%的观察性研究评估了加工家禽肉对健康的影响;
  • 未来的研究需考虑家禽肉的加工和烹饪方式,并将家禽肉与更多传统或新型的富含蛋白质的食品进行对比。
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aluba
Advances in Nutrition上发表的一篇范围综述,分析了525项研究,总结了家禽摄入对健康的影响。大多数结果来自于观察性研究,而缺少随机对照试验的结果,仅有少数研究支持了鸡肉摄入有益于儿童健康。
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Poultry Consumption and Human Health: How Much Is Really Known? A Systematically Searched Scoping Review and Research Perspective

范围综述和研究前景:家禽摄入和人类健康

10.1093/advances/nmac074

2022-11-09, Review

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
This scoping review was conducted to systematically search and chronicle scientific literature pertinent to poultry intake and human health. The protocol (uploaded to Open Science Framework, https://osf.io/2k7bj/) was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews guidelines. Articles with observational and experimental research, narrative and systematic reviews, and meta-analyses were included. Among 13,141 articles identified, 525 met inclusion criteria. Among these 525 articles, 212 focused on cancer morbidity and mortality; 41 on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality; 52 on cardiovascular disease risk factors; 32 on type 2 diabetes mellitus morbidity and mortality; 33 on type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors; and 42 on body weight and body composition. An “Other” category (181 articles) included nutrient status, psychological well-being/mental health, cognition, microbiome, chronic kidney disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, skin disorders, and fertility, among others. Among the 525 included articles, 366 were observational, 64 were experimental, and 76 were reviews and meta-analyses. Eighty-three % of articles focused on adults or older adults. A paucity of research exists to support poultry as health-promoting foods, with most research only indirectly assessing poultry intake compared to other foods of interest (e.g., red meats or plant-based protein foods). No randomized, controlled trials and only 1% of observational studies assessed the influence of processed poultry intake on human health. In the future, the relative health effects of consuming poultry will be compared to a widening array of traditional and new protein-rich food products, necessitating the need for research to assess poultry as foods of choice. Science and health professionals, the poultry industry, and the public will benefit from new observational and experimental research to address cutting-edge scientific, public policy, and consumer topics pertinent to poultry intake and human health.

First Authors:
Gavin Connolly

Correspondence Authors:
Robyn E Campbell

All Authors:
Gavin Connolly,Caroline M Clark,Robyn E Campbell,Adam W Byers,Jason B Reed,Wayne W Campbell

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