吉大一院:吃得太少或增加女性便秘风险
创作:Akkk 审核:aluba 05月15日
  • 纳入12,587名20岁以上的成年人,通过2次24小时饮食回顾评估受试者的饮食能量摄入情况;
  • 通过Bristol大便分型评估受试者的便秘情况,将1型(羊粪球状)或2型(香肠样但表面凹凸)定义为便秘;
  • 便秘总发生率为7.4%,女性和男性的发生率分别为10.4%和4.3%;
  • 校正多变量后,中等的能量摄入与男性便秘风险降低相关(OR=0.5),而中低等的能量摄入与女性便秘风险增加相关(OR=1.56);
  • 高能量摄入与便秘风险无关。
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aluba
吉林大学第一医院的孙晓峰团队在Frontiers in Nutrition上发表的一项最新研究结果,在超过1.2万名成人中发现,女性的便秘风险高于男性,中等能量摄入(每天2,043.1–2,464.6 kcal)与男性的便秘风险降低相关,而中低等的能量摄入(每天1,215.6–1,507.0 kcal)与女性的便秘风险增加相关。
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Association of Dietary Energy Intake With Constipation Among Men and Women: Results From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

饮食能量摄入与男性及女性便秘的关联:来自国家健康和营养调查的结果

10.3389/fnut.2022.856138

04-12, Article

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Background:: Previous studies supported that dietary factor was associated with constipation, but the relationship between dietary energy intake and constipation has not been well-studied. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlation between energy intake and constipation among men and women.
Methods:: These observational analyses included 12,587 adults (≥20 years) from the 2005–2010 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). Constipation was defined as Bristol Stool Scale Type 1 (separate hard lumps, like nuts) or Type 2 (sausage-like but lumpy). Total energy intake was obtained from the two 24-h dietary recalls and averaged. We used the logistic regression model in Generalized Linear Model (GLM) function, controlling demographic, lifestyle, and dietary factors, to estimate the association between energy intake and constipation among men and women.
Results: : The overall weighted incidence of constipation in this research was 7.4%, the incidence in women and men was 10.4 and 4.3%, respectively. After multivariable adjustment, middle energy consumption correlated with decreased risk of constipation in men (OR:0.5, 95% CI:0.29–0.84), and lower-middle energy intake increased the constipation risk in women (OR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.15–2.13). High energy consumption was not associated with increased or decreased constipation risk.
Conclusions:: To our knowledge, this is the first research to investigate the association between energy intake and constipation; the study demonstrates that appropriate energy consumption can help reduce the risk of constipation in men, and relatively low energy intake is associated with increased constipation risk in women.

First Authors:
Shuai Yang,Xiaoli Wu

Correspondence Authors:
Xiao-Feng Sun

All Authors:
Shuai Yang,Xiaoli Wu,Shou-Qing Wang,Xiang-Ling Guo,Fu-Zheng Guo,Xiao-Feng Sun

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