Lancet:从更高层面认识和解决全球肥胖问题
创作:迟卉 审核:mildbreeze 2019年03月01日
  • 肥胖、营养不良和气候变化在全球范围内相互作用,形成“全球共疫”,威胁人类健康和环境发展;
  • 食品与农业、运输、城市设计和土地使用是驱动全球共疫的主要系统因素,应针对性地制定一石二鸟/三鸟的干预策略;
  • 通过国际和国家治理、民间参与等多层面的措施,如将健康权纳入人权法、签署食品系统公约等,促进政策转变,并加强问责;
  • 必须减少商业利益对政策制定的影响,并改变商业模式,从只注重短期利润向可持续发展和促进健康转化。
主编推荐语
mildbreeze
全球肥胖问题日益严重,尽管已有一些措施出台,但整体收效甚微。《柳叶刀》全球共疫委员会(Lancet Global Syndemic Commission)近期发表长篇报告,将肥胖、营养不良和气候变化视为“全球共疫”(具有内在关联的协同流行性疾病),分析了三者背后的共通驱动因素,从商业模式、食物系统、民间参与、国际和国家治理等角度提出了不少措施方法,以期从“全球共疫”的层面解决肥胖问题。
关键字
延伸阅读本研究的原文信息和链接出处,以及相关解读和评论文章。欢迎读者朋友们推荐!
图片
Lancet [IF:202.731]

The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission report

肥胖、营养不良和气候变化的“全球共疫”:柳叶刀委员会报告

10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32822-8

2019-01-27, Other

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
Malnutrition in all its forms, including obesity, undernutrition, and other dietary risks, is the leading cause of poor health globally. In the near future, the health effects of climate change will considerably compound these health challenges. Climate change can be considered a pandemic because of its sweeping effects on the health of humans and the natural systems we depend on (ie, planetary health). These three pandemics—obesity, undernutrition, and climate change—represent The Global Syndemic that affects most people in every country and region worldwide. They constitute a syndemic, or synergy of epidemics, because they co-occur in time and place, interact with each other to produce complex sequelae, and share common underlying societal drivers. This Commission recommends comprehensive actions to address obesity within the context of The Global Syndemic, which represents the paramount health challenge for humans, the environment, and our planet in the 21st century.

First Authors:
Boyd A Swinburn

Correspondence Authors:
Boyd A Swinburn

All Authors:
Boyd A Swinburn,Vivica I Kraak,Steven Allender,Vincent J Atkins,Phillip I Baker,Jessica R Bogard,Hannah Brinsden,Alejandro Calvillo,Olivier De Schutter,Raji Devarajan,Majid Ezzati,Sharon Friel,Shifalika Goenka,Ross A Hammond,Gerard Hastings,Corinna Hawkes,Mario Herrero,Peter S Hovmand,Mark Howden,Lindsay M Jaacks,Ariadne B Kapetanaki,Matt Kasman,Harriet V Kuhnlein,Shiriki K Kumanyika,Bagher Larijani,Tim Lobstein,Michael W Long,Victor K R Matsudo,Susanna D H Mills,Gareth Morgan,Alexandra Morshed,Patricia M Nece,Julián Panés,David W Patterson,Gary Sacks,Meera Shekar,Geoff L Simmons,Warren Smit,Ali Tootee,Stefanie Vandevijvere,Wilma E Waterlander,Luke Wolfenden,William H Dietz

评论