Abstract & Authors:展开
Prior study has demonstrated that gut microbiota at the genus level is significantly altered in patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenoma (GHPA). Yet, no studies exist describing the state of gut microbiota at species level in GHPA. We performed a study using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing in a cohort of patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenoma (GHPA, = 28) and healthy controls ( = 67). Among them, 9 patients and 10 healthy controls were randomly chosen and enrolled in metagenomics shotgun sequencing, generating 280,426,512 reads after aligning to NCBI GenBank DataBase to acquire taxa information at the species level. Weighted UniFrac analysis revealed that microbial diversity was notably decreased in patients with GHPA, consistent with a previous study. With 16S rRNA sequencing, after correction for false-discovery rate (FDR), rank-sum test at the genus level revealed that the relative abundance of and was remarkably increased in patients and and genera predominated in the controls, augmented by additional LEfSe (linear discriminant analysis effect size) analysis. As for further comparison at the species level with metagenomics sequencing, rank-sum test together with LEfSe analysis confirmed the enrichment of Alistipes shahii and Odoribacter splanchnicus in the patient group. Notably, LEfSe analysis with metagenomics also demonstrated that sp. and sp. , derived from , were both significantly enriched in patients. Functional analysis showed that amino acid metabolism pathway was remarkably enriched in GHPA, while carbohydrate metabolism pathway was notably enriched in controls. Further, significant positive correlations were observed between and baseline insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), indicating that may be strongly associated with GH/IGF-1 axis in GHPA. Our data extend our insight into the GHPA microbiome, which may shed further light on GHPA pathogenesis and facilitate the exploration of novel therapeutic targets based on microbiota manipulation. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota is associated not only with intestinal disorders but also with numerous extraintestinal diseases. Growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma (GHPA) is an insidious disease with persistent hypersecretion of GH and IGF-1, causing increased morbidity and mortality. Researches have reported that the GH/IGF-1 axis exerts its own influence on the intestinal microflora. Here, the results showed that compared with healthy controls, GHPA patients not only decreased the alpha diversity of the intestinal flora but also significantly changed their beta diversity. Further, metagenomics shotgun sequencing in the present study exhibited that sp. and sp. were enriched in patients. Also, we were pleasantly surprised to find that the genus was strongly positively correlated with baseline IGF-1 levels. Collectively, our work provides the first glimpse of the dysbiosis of the gut microbiota at species level, providing a better understanding of the pathophysiological process of GHPA.
Ben Lin,Meng Wang,Renyuan Gao,Zhao Ye
Min He,Huanlong Qin,Yichao Zhang
Ben Lin,Meng Wang,Renyuan Gao,Zhao Ye,Yifei Yu,Wenqiang He,Nidan Qiao,Zengyi Ma,Chenxing Ji,Chengzhang Shi,Xiang Zhou,Yi Wang,Fangfang Zeng,Li Zhang,Wei Gong,Zhan Cao,Peng Zhou,Vladimir Melnikov,Hongying Ye,Yiming Li,Zhaoyun Zhang,Min He,Huanlong Qin,Yichao Zhang