饮食模式影响代谢表型(综述)
创作:阿当 审核:aluba 02月23日
  • 健康的饮食模式(地中海饮食、DASH饮食、“水果蔬菜”饮食)与健康代谢表型相关;
  • 摄入更多的水果、蔬菜、乳制品、咖啡/茶、维生素D、镁和黄酮类化合物,或可降低不健康代谢表型的风险;
  • 摄入更多的饱和脂肪、碳水化合物、含糖饮料、快餐、动物内脏和促炎饮食或可增加不健康代谢表型的风险;
  • 越倾向以精制和加工食品为主的不健康饮食模式,其健康代谢表型的可能性越低,反之亦然;
  • 性别不同,其饮食和代谢表型的关联也有所差别。
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aluba
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition上发表的一项系统性综述,总结了27项研究(共涉及39518名受试者)的数据,发现健康饮食模式或可促进健康代谢表型,而不健康饮食模式或可增加不健康代谢表型的风险。
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Dietary determinants of healthy/unhealthy metabolic phenotype in individuals with normal weight or overweight/obesity: a systematic review

系统性综述:体重正常或超重/肥胖个体的健康/不健康代谢表型的饮食决定因素

10.1080/10408398.2021.2025036

01-10, Article

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Nutritional factors are amongst the major determinants in the onset and development of obesity and metabolic complications. Nevertheless, the dietary determinants of metabolic health are not completely elucidated. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate nutritional and dietary factors that may contribute to metabolic heterogeneity in individuals with obesity or normal weight. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and google scholar databases until August 2021, to locate studies that examined metabolic health and its association with intakes of specific foods or food groups, nutrient intakes or status, as well as adherence to certain dietary patterns. Two researchers had independently screened titles and abstracts, examined full-text studies, conducted data extraction, and evaluated their quality using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Twenty-seven studies, with a total of 39518 subjects, were included. Of these studies, 11 articles evaluated the association between different dietary patterns and metabolic phenotypes, while 15 had investigated the association of single food/nutrients intakes or nutrient status with metabolic phenotype, and one paper evaluated the association of dietary inflammatory index with metabolic health. The findings of these studies propose that healthy dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean pattern, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, and population-derived patterns (such as the "Healthy" and "Fruit and vegetable" patterns) were associated with higher odds of the metabolically healthy phenotype. Higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, coffee/tea, vitamin D, magnesium, and flavonoids, were suggested to lower the risk of developing metabolically unhealthy phenotype, while, higher consumption of saturated fat, carbohydrate and sugar-sweetened beverages, fast foods, organ meats, and a pro-inflammatory diet increased the risk. : Results from published studies, which were mostly cross-sectional, suggest that higher adherence to unhealthier dietary patterns, characterized by the consumption of refined and processed foods, was associated with a lower likelihood of having a healthy metabolic phenotype, while the opposite was observed for healthier dietary patterns. Findings may be used in developing nutritional strategies aimed at improving metabolic health in the population.

First Authors:
Behnaz Abiri

Correspondence Authors:
Farhad Hosseinpanah

All Authors:
Behnaz Abiri,Majid Valizadeh,Lara Nasreddine,Farhad Hosseinpanah

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