Abstract & Authors:展开
OBJECTIVE: Multiple clinical similarities exist between IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), and while gut dysbiosis has been extensively studied in PSC, the role of the gut microbiota in IgG4-SC remains unknown. Herein, we aimed to evaluate alterations of the gut microbiome and metabolome in IgG4-SC and PSC.
DESIGN: We performed 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of faecal samples from 135 subjects with IgG4-SC (n=34), PSC (n=37) and healthy controls (n=64). A subset of the samples (31 IgG4-SC, 37 PSC and 45 controls) also underwent untargeted metabolomic profiling.
RESULTS: Compared with controls, reduced alpha-diversity and shifted microbial community were observed in IgG4-SC and PSC. These changes were accompanied by differences in stool metabolomes. Importantly, despite some common variations in the microbiota composition and metabolic activity, integrative analyses identified distinct host-microbe associations in IgG4-SC and PSC. The disease-associated genera and metabolites tended to associate with the transaminases in IgG4-SC. Notable depletion of and elevated succinic acid may underlie hepatic inflammation in IgG4-SC. In comparison, potential links between the microbial or metabolic signatures and cholestatic parameters were detected in PSC. Particularly, concordant decrease of and microbiota-derived metabolites, including secondary bile acids, implicated novel host-microbial metabolic pathways involving cholestasis of PSC. Interestingly, the predictive models based on metabolites were more effective in discriminating disease status than those based on microbes.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data reveal that IgG4-SC and PSC possess divergent host-microbe interplays that may be involved in disease pathogenesis. These data emphasise the uniqueness of IgG4-SC.
Qiaoyan Liu,Bo Li,Yikang Li
Min Lian,Xiong Ma,Ruqi Tang
Qiaoyan Liu,Bo Li,Yikang Li,Yiran Wei,Bingyuan Huang,Jubo Liang,Zhengrui You,You Li,Qiwei Qian,Rui Wang,Jun Zhang,Ruiling Chen,Zhuwan Lyu,Yong Chen,Mingxia Shi,Xiao Xiao,Qixia Wang,Qi Miao,Jing-Yuan Fang,Merrill Eric Gershwin,Min Lian,Xiong Ma,Ruqi Tang