国内团队:吃些杂粮降低机体炎症,预防慢病(综述)
  • 杂粮含有独特的活性成分,包括膳食纤维(β-葡聚糖、抗性淀粉和阿拉伯木聚糖)、多酚和植物甾醇,此外还是一些矿物质(钙、磷、镁等)和维生素(硫胺素、核黄素和烟酸等)的重要来源;
  • 由于杂粮含有特殊的植物化学物质,食用粗粮可通过增加机体抗炎因子、降低促炎因子以及调节免疫细胞而抑制身体慢性低度炎症,改善慢性疾病,发挥可观的健康益处;
  • 这些作物可作为主要谷物的补充,并值得进一步开发利用,以实现均衡的膳食营养。
主编推荐语
注册营养师陈彬林
近期江苏省农业科学院王冉和浙江大学生物系统工程与食品科学学院陆柏益作为共同通讯作者在Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition发表了一篇综述介绍了杂粮(如大麦、燕麦、玉米、高粱和小米)在人类糖尿病、肥胖等慢性状况下的抗慢性低度炎症(CLGI)的特性、功能成分、潜在机制以及杂粮的利用现状及前景。近期发布的《中国居民膳食指南(2022)》的准则一为“食物多样,合理搭配”,推荐成人每天摄入谷类食物200~300g,其中包含全谷物和杂豆类50~150g。
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延伸阅读本研究的原文信息和链接出处,以及相关解读和评论文章。欢迎读者朋友们推荐!

Coarse cereals modulating chronic low-grade inflammation: review

粗粮调节慢性低度炎症:综述

10.1080/10408398.2022.2070596

05-03, Review

Abstract & Authors:展开

Abstract:收起
Chronic low-grade inflammation (CLGI) is closely associated with various chronic diseases. Researchers have paid attention to the comprehensive application and development of food materials with potential anti-inflammatory activity. Owing to their abundant nutrients and biological activities, coarse cereals have emerged as an important component of human diet. Increasing evidence has revealed their potential protective effects against CLGI in chronic conditions. However, this property has not been systematically discussed and summarized. In the present work, numerous published reports were reviewed to systematically analyze and summarize the protective effects of coarse cereals and their main active ingredients against CLGI. Their current utilization state was investigated. The future prospects, such as the synergistic effects among the active compounds in coarse cereals and the biomarker signatures of CLGI, were also discussed. Coarse cereals show promise as food diet resources for preventing CLGI in diseased individuals. Their active ingredients, including β-glucan, resistant starch, arabinoxylan, phenolic acids, flavonoids, phytosterols and lignans, function against CLGI through multiple possible intracellular signaling pathways and immunomodulatory effects. Therefore, coarse cereals play a crucial role in the food industry due to their health effects on chronic diseases and are worthy of further development for possible application in modulating chronic inflammation.

First Authors:
Yongzhu Zhang

Correspondence Authors:
Ran Wang,Baiyi Lu

All Authors:
Yongzhu Zhang,Esra Capanoglu,Linshu Jiao,Liqing Yin,Xianjin Liu,Ran Wang,Jianbo Xiao,Baiyi Lu

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