能否睡整觉影响婴儿发育和母亲情绪吗?

创作:mildbreeze 审核:mildbreeze 11月30日
收集388名婴儿在6和12月龄时的最长连续睡眠时间数据;
有相当比例的婴儿在夜间无法连续睡6小时或8小时(该比例分别为:6月龄37.6%和57.0%,12月龄27.9%和43.4%);
夜里能否睡整觉,与婴儿当时和之后(36月龄)的心智(认知和语言)和运动(大动作和精细动作)发育情况以及母亲心情,无显著关联;
但睡整觉与较低的母乳喂养率显著相关;
这些发现提示,对婴儿睡整觉的期望或许应该降低。
延伸阅读
Pediatrics [IF:5.515]

Uninterrupted Infant Sleep, Development, and Maternal Mood

不间断的婴儿睡眠、发育和母亲情绪

11-12, Article, 10.1542/peds.2017-4330more

Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: : Contrary to the importance of total sleep duration, the association between sleeping through the night and development in early infancy remains unclear. Our aims were to investigate the proportion of infants who sleep through the night (6- or 8-hour sleep blocks) at ages 6 and 12 months in a longitudinal cohort and to explore associations between sleeping through the night, mental and psychomotor development, maternal mood, and breastfeeding.
METHODS: : At 6 and 12 months of age, maternal reports were used to assess the longest period of uninterrupted infant sleep and feeding method (n = 388). Two different criteria were used to determine if infants slept through the night: 6 and 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep. Mental and psychomotor developmental indices (Bayley Scales of Infant Development II) and maternal mood (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) were measured at 6, 12, and 36 months of age.
RESULTS: : Using a definition of either 6 or 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep, we found that 27.9% to 57.0% of 6- and 12-month-old infants did not sleep through the night. Linear regressions revealed no significant associations between sleeping through the night and concurrent or later mental development, psychomotor development, or maternal mood (P > .05). However, sleeping through the night was associated with a much lower rate of breastfeeding (P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS: : Considering that high proportions of infants did not sleep through the night and that no associations were found between uninterrupted sleep, mental or psychomotor development, and maternal mood, expectations for early sleep consolidation could be moderated.

First Authors:
Marie-Hélène Pennestri

Correspondence Authors:
Marie-Hélène Pennestri

All Authors:
Marie-Hélène Pennestri,Christine Laganière,Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot,Irina Pokhvisneva,Meir Steiner,Michael J Meaney,Hélène Gaudreau,the Mavan Research Team