宝宝诞生影响父母的睡眠质量

创作:尹洁晨 审核:Epi汪 02月01日
分析2008-2015年2541名女性和2118名男性的睡眠满意度和时长数据;
怀孕后父母的睡眠满意度和持续时间急剧下降,在产后前3个月达到最低点;
与怀孕前相比,母亲在分娩后的睡眠满意度和持续时间下降幅度比父亲更大,其可能与母乳喂养有关;
第一个婴儿出生后6年内,父母的睡眠满意度和持续时间都不会恢复到孕前水平;
第二、三个婴儿的出生对母亲睡眠满意度的影响程度小于第一个婴儿;
这种关联可能与父母的年龄、收入、双/单亲家庭无关。
延伸阅读

Sleep [IF:4.571]

Long-term effects of pregnancy and childbirth on sleep satisfaction and duration of first-time and experienced mothers and fathers

怀孕分娩对不同产次的父母的睡眠满意度及睡眠持续时间的长期影响

10.1093/sleep/zsz015

01-14, Article

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Study Objectives: To examine the changes in mothers' and fathers' sleep satisfaction and sleep duration across pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and the postpartum period of up to six years after birth; it also sought to determine potential protective and risk factors for sleep during that time.
Methods: Participants in a large population-representative panel study from Germany reported sleep satisfaction and sleep duration in yearly interviews. During the observation period (2008-2015), 2,541 women and 2,118 men reported the birth of their first, second, or third child and provided longitudinal data for analysis. Fixed-effects regression models were used to analyze changes in sleep associated with childbirth.
Results: Sleep satisfaction and duration sharply declined with childbirth and reached a nadir during the first three months postpartum, with women more strongly affected (sleep satisfaction reduction compared with pre-pregnancy: women, 1.81 points on a 0 to 10 scale, d = 0.79 vs. men, 0.37 points, d = 0.16; sleep duration reduction compared with pre-pregnancy: women, 62 min, d = 0.90 vs. men, 13 min, d = 0.19). In both women and men, sleep satisfaction and duration did not fully recover for up to six years after the birth of their first child. Breastfeeding was associated with a slight decrease in maternal sleep satisfaction (0.72 points, d = 0.32) and duration (14 min, d = 0.21). Parental age, household income, and dual vs. single parenting were unrelated, or only very weakly related, to improved sleep.
Conclusion: Following the sharp decline in sleep satisfaction and duration in the first months postpartum, neither mothers' nor fathers' sleep fully recovers to pre-pregnancy levels up to six years after the birth of their first child.

First Authors:
David Richter

Correspondence Authors:
Sakari Lemola

All Authors:
David Richter,Michael D Krämer,Nicole K Y Tang,Hawley E Montgomery-Downs,Sakari Lemola