改善挑食,营养教育才是长久之计
创作:Asueyi 审核:JIAN 剑 2018年03月09日
  • 幼儿在2岁左右处于人格构建阶段,多表现为拒绝和个性化;其挑食行为往往让父母焦虑。
  • 实际上,挑食对疾病的影响说法不一;但就此引发的儿童与家长的冲突却导致了家庭矛盾和挑食行为的加剧。
  • 部分父母采取反复展示、儿童参与烹饪等营养教育方法改善这种现象;另一部分父母则强制进食、或使用食物作为奖励;后者虽然短期有效,但长期可能起到反作用。
  • 因此,根据不同父母的观念和经历进行喂养指导十分有必要。
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Parental concerns and attributions of food pickiness and its consequences for the parent-child relationship: A qualitative analysis

定性分析父母的焦虑和行为对挑食和亲子关系的影响

10.1177/1367493517725832

2017-12-01, Article

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A qualitative study was conducted to identify how parents describe and attribute their toddler's food pickiness, a common pediatric problem during childhood. Parental strategies to respond to picky behaviors were also explored in this study. Focus groups were used with 38 parents of children aged 18-38 months. Results highlighted several consequences of child pickiness such as parental concerns about child's growth and health, conflicts at mealtime, and feelings of guilt. Parents attributed food pickiness mainly as a manifestation of opposition and assertiveness by their child. Some strategies known to be effective were applied by parents (such as repeated exposure, modeling, co-preparing meals, and using a flavor-based approach) but some strategies that are counterproductive were also highlighted (such as rewards for eating). Parents need to be better informed about food pickiness and the strategies that help to overcome it. Understanding parental beliefs may help pediatricians to offer appropriate guidance adapted to parental experiences and feelings.

First Authors:
Bérengère Rubio

Correspondence Authors:
Bérengère Rubio

All Authors:
Bérengère Rubio,Natalie Rigal

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