喝什么奶粉比怎么喝,更加重要

创作:郭兵兵 审核:Epi汪 02月01日
纳入113名非母乳喂养的新生儿,随机分为牛乳配方奶粉组(CMF)和水解蛋白配方奶粉组(EHF),随访婴儿在0.5-4.5个月间的体重增重情况,并调查母亲的喂养方式,分为放任、施压、限制和响应4种喂养风格;
CMF组婴儿早期快速增重的发生率是EHF组的2倍;
两组母亲的喂养风格分布没有差异,并且4个月内相对稳定;
喂养风格对婴儿体重增加没有影响,且与不同配方的选择无交互作用;
婴儿体重快速增长受奶粉的配方影响但和母亲喂养风格无关。
延伸阅读
Pediatric Obesity [IF:3.98]

Early rapid weight gain among formula‐fed infants: Impact of formula type and maternal feeding styles

配方奶粉喂养婴儿的早期快速增重:配方类型和母亲喂养风格的影响

01-10, Article, 10.1111/ijpo.12503more

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: What and how infants are fed are considered important determinants for the risk factor of early rapid gain weight.
OBJECTIVES: We conducted secondary analyses on data from a randomized clinical trial, wherein infants randomized to feed cow milk formula had double the incidence of early rapid weight gain than those fed extensively hydrolyzed protein formula, to determine whether maternal feeding styles had independent effects or interactive effects with infant formula type on early rapid weight gain.
METHODS: Anthropometry and feeding patterning (number of daily formula feeds) were measured monthly, and maternal feeding styles were measured at 0.5, 3.5, and 4.5 months. Longitudinal models were fitted using generalized estimating equations and separate logistic models conducted.
RESULTS: The treatment groups did not differ in formula feeding patterning or in maternal feeding styles, which were stable across the first 4.5 months. Feeding styles had no significant effects on early rapid weight gain and did not interact with formula group. However, type of infant formula had a direct and independent impact on early rapid weight gain (P = 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS: The type of infant formula had a differential impact on early rapid weight gain independent of maternal feeding style, highlighting the self-regulatory capabilities of infants.

First Authors:
Mennella JA

Correspondence Authors:
Mennella JA

All Authors:
Mennella JA,Papas MA,Reiter AR,Stallings VA,Trabulsi JC