应对儿童挑食,宜提供更多选择
创作:Asueyi 审核:JIAN 剑 2018年03月09日
  • 儿童的饮食偏好和食物推荐往往出入很大;很大程度是由于“食物恐新症”和“厌食症”导致儿童挑食。
  • 研究发现,遗传对于恐新和厌食起主导作用,但后期家庭喂养策略也会产生影响。
  • 对于挑食,家长们应将其视为正常发育的一部分,并避免因饮食与儿童产生冲突。
  • 由于当今食物种类多样化,在保证肉类和蔬菜摄入的前提下,挑食很少会造成肥胖或者营养不良。
  • 让儿童反复尝试新口味,或使用非食物奖励引导等方式,对改善挑食效果较好。
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Understanding Food Fussiness and Its Implications for Food Choice, Health, Weight and Interventions in Young Children: The Impact of Professor Jane Wardle

了解挑食及其对儿童食物选择、健康、体重和干预的影响

10.1007/s13679-017-0248-9

2017-03-01, Review

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the concepts of fussy eating and food neophobia in the context of key determinants of the development of children's food preferences. We discuss the evidence for genetic versus parental and other environmental influences on the ontogeny of these behavioural traits and the implications of current knowledge for interventions that attempt to lessen the impact of these traits on children's diets. Finally, we consider whether these traits increase the risk of a child becoming obese, or alternatively, underweight and malnourished.
RECENT FINDINGS: Fussy eating and neophobia are related concepts with both genetic and environmental aetiologies. Parent-child correlations and heritability estimates are moderate to high for both traits, but aspects of the family environment remain influential in young children, although no longer in young adults. Parental strategies based around repeat tasting opportunities can improve acceptance of disliked foods in even the fussiest children. Fussy eating and neophobia are not risk factors for obesity but could limit growth in severe cases. Fussy eating and food neophobia are common concerns for parents, though health risks are low. Dissemination of evidence-based strategies to parents that can encourage a more varied diet in young children would be helpful.

First Authors:
E Leigh Gibson

Correspondence Authors:
E Leigh Gibson

All Authors:
E Leigh Gibson,Lucy Cooke

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